Four Holy Rivers in Ngari
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Four Holy Rivers in Ngari

Update: Mar. 7th, 2013

Shiquan River

On Ngari Plateau, the Shiquan River, Xiangquan River, Kongqi River and Maquan River are praised as "Four Holy Rivers".

Four Holy Rivers in Ngari – Shiquan River

The Shiquan River originates from north side of holy Mt. Kailash. The source of Shiquan River is from a mountain cliff in the shape of opening mouth of lion, hence the name "Senge Zangpo" in Tibetan Language. The upper stream of Shiquan River flows by Bangba Sendui, Senmai, Napu in Geji County and Jiamu, Tashigang and Qujiao in Gar County. On both banks of Shiquan River, there are vast grassland, grand snow mountain, picturesque hills and magical natural landscapes. That's the paradise of wild animals. Furthermore, there are rich mineral resources, geothermal resources and solar energy resources. Along the Shiquan River, there are Rila Kama, relics of pottery, Tashigang Monastery and other historical relics.

Four Holy Rivers in Ngari – Xiangquan River

The name of Xiangquan River originated from the mountain valley in the shape of nose of elephant. It is named "Langqin Zangpo" in Tibetan Language. Xiangquan River flows by Toling Monastery, relics of Guge Kingdom and other famous historical relics. It flows into Indian at last. The river course of Xiangquan River in Ngari Prefecture is the hinterland of ancient Xiangxiong Civilization, as well as the important spreading area of Tibetan Buddhism. Until now, it is also the area with best-protected Xiangxiong Civilization and Tibetan Buddhism, such as ancient castles, palaces, frescos, caves, legends, music, clothing, etc.

Four Holy Rivers in Ngari – Kongqi River

The name of Kongqi (Peacock) River originates from the mountain valley in the shape of spreading tail of peacock. It is named "Majia Zangpo" in Tibetan Language. It is named the Ganges River after the south slope of the Himalaya Mountain. It flows by Indian and Bangladesh and flows into the Bay Bengal. It is 2700 meters long. In the area of Ngari, the Kongqi River flows by Langarqiong Zongka, Gar Dongka, Dalaka, Jiadika and other relics of Xiangxiong Civilization in Pulan County. In the Basin of Kongqi River, there is a popular story about Luosang Prince. Furthermore, songs, dances and clothing in the basin of Kongqi River is very special. The Kegya Monastery which was built upon mountain and faces with river is also in the Basin of Kongqi River.

Four Holy Rivers in Ngari – Maquan River

The water resource of Maquan River flows out from a valley in the shape of opening mouth of fine horse, hence the name Maquan River. It is named "Dangque Zangpo" in Tibetan Language. From the southeast of Mt. Kailash to the area of Zhongba County, it is named "Mazangpo". After Saga, it is named "Yarlung Zangpo". In Ngari Prefecture, it flows by Mapang Bumoka, Serizhu Muka and other important castles and prosperous area of Xiangxiong Kingdom. Until now, you still can find some marks of the prosperous of Xiangxiong Civilization through these relics. Maquan River is the headstream of Yarlung Zangpo River. It not only played an important in Xiangxiong Civilization, but also had important effect on the formation and development of civilization in other periods of Tibet.

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