Climatic Characteristics of Shigatse
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Climatic Characteristics of Shigatse

Update: Jan. 7th, 2013

Shigatse in winter

Shigatse Prefecture has a temperate climate with abundant sunshine. The annual average temperature here is 6.3?. It attracts a large number of tourists with its breathtaking mountain landscapes and impressive historical sites. Generally, tourists would like to visit Mt. Everest in Shigatse between April and May or September and October for the high visibility in these periods. In fact, Shigatse is a place suitable for traveling all year around and tourists could always enjoy different natural landscapes in varied seasons.

Climatic Characteristics of Shigatse – Climate Types

There are three main climate types in Shigatse Prefecture: the plateau temperate semi-arid monsoon climate in northern Himalayas and southern Gangdise-Nyainqentanglha Mountains, the plateau sub-frigid monsoon semi-arid and arid climate in northern Gangdise-Nyainqentanglha Mountains, and the plateau temperate monsoon sub-humid climate in the southern areas of Himalayas.

The frost-free days in Shigatse even reaches 120 days each year. The intensity of the snowfall in Shigatse Prefecture is relatively low and the snow area mainly centers on the southern area of Pagri-Nyalam-Tingri. The areas at the southern slope of Himalayas are warm all year around compared to the other regions on Tibet Plateau. The temperature even reaches 18? to 22? at its warmest. Just as the other regions in Tibet, Shigatse is in its warmest in July and August. A lot of tourists would visit Shigatse in these months though they are not the best season to witness Mt. Everest in the consideration of the visibility since Mt.Everest is always hidden in the clouds or mists.

Climatic Characteristics of Shigatse – Several Features

The climate in Shigatse Prefecture is generally characterized by thin air, low air pressure and oxygen content. Strong sunshine radiation is another feature of the climate in Shigatse. It is reported that the average annual sunshine duration here even reaches 3300 hours. Besides, the temperature in Shigatse is much lower and the annual temperature range is relatively narrower compared to the other regions in the same latitude. But the daily temperature in Shigatse is much obvious. The annual average temperature in the western sub-frigid zone is around 0? while the annual average temperature in the eastern temperate zone is 6.5?. The annual average daily temperature difference is about 16? in the northwestern Shigatse and 14? in eastern Shigatse.

Tourists who've made a Tibet tour to Shigatse in different seasons would find that Shigatse Prefecture has distinctive dry season and rainy season. The dry season between October and April of the next year is characterized by dry and windy. The temperature would be pretty low and the precipitation in this period only takes about 10 percent of the total annual rainfall. The rainy season between May and September is characterized by temperate and wet. It is measured that the precipitation in this period takes 90 percent of the annual rainfall. It rains frequently in nights and the night rainfall takes 70 to 80 percent of the rainfall in this period. In addition, the space distribution is uneven in Shigatse. Generally, the precipitation in the eastern Shigatse is between 200 millimeters and 430 millimeters while the precipitation in northwestern Shigatse is less than 200 millimeters.

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