Niyang Pavilion
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Niyang Pavilion

Update: Jan. 6th, 2013

Niyang Pavilion

Brief Introduction of Niyang Pavilion

The Niyang Pavilion is the first pavilion in Tibet. It is located at Niangrugang in Bayi Town, Nyingchi. It has the reputation of "visiting card of Southeast Tibet" and "the landmark building of Nyingchi". The Niyang Pavilion collects the most precious vase in the world, valuable sand heap Mandala and other cultural competitive products. It is the best place to know more about the national culture of southeast Tibet.

There is a Southeast Tibet Cultural Exposition Park in the Niyang Pavilion. In addition, the first non-material cultural museum in Tibet and the first cultural exhibition room of Menba Nationality and Luoba Nationality were also set up in the Niyang Pavilion. It is said that the king of Gongbu built the Niyang Pavilion for the master of Bon Religion – Xinrao Miwo for preaching Bon religion. In the seventh century, Buddhism was introduced into Tibet. In eighth century, the king of Tubo Kingdom propagated Buddhism and restrained Bon Religion. With the decline of Bon Religion, the Niyang Pavilion was damaged. The generations of Tibetans regards the relic of Niyang Pavilion as holy land of Bon Religion and do not casually step on it to blaspheme it. In September, 2006, the aid-Tibet team from Hujian Province rebuilt the Niyang Pavilion on its original site, and regarded it as the cultural relic museum of Southeast Tibet.

Collections in Niyang Pavilion

The height of the museum is 36.9 meters. The area of exhibition area is 2829 square meters, including 14 exhibition halls. The collections in the museum include the relevant articles in every village of seven counties of Nyingchi Prefecture. The collections in Niyang Pavilion fully show the traditional culture of each nationality in Southeast Tibet from the aspects of folk dress, culture of agriculture, culture of hunting, Tibetan medicine, life custom, folk song and dance, handcrafts, literature and art, competing sports, festivals, religious belief and architectural art.

The frescos in the main hall of Niyang Pavilion tell the story of Princess Wencheng came into Tibet. The Princess Wencheng ever designed and assisted the construction of Jokhang Temple and Ramoche Monastery. She introduced the pan milling, spinning and weaving, potting, papermaking, wine-brewing and other techniques into Tubo. In addition, the poems, books about agriculture, Buddhism scriptures, historical records, medical classics, calendar and other things which were brought to Tibet by Princess Wencheng greatly promoted the development of economy and culture of Tubo Kingdom. After Princess Wencheng died for diseases, the people of Tubo Kingdom built temple for her and enshrined her statues. In the thousand years, Princess Wencheng is deeply loved by Tibetans.

Non-material Cultural Performance in Niyang Pavilion

At the non-material cultural performance zone in Niyang Pavilion, there are skilled folk artisans showing the making process of Bagai Wooden lock, Gongbu Bixiu, Thangka, traditional Tibetan incense, Medog Stone Pot, Yigong Tibetan Knife, bamboo weaving of Luoba Nationality and Menba Nationality and other products. Travelers can study from the skilled folk artisans and take part in the making process to feel the special charm of Tibetan traditional handicraft.

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